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Romanian permanent residence permit – how to obtain it in 2020

The Romanian permanent residence permit (or long-term residence permit) certifies the right of a foreign person (from outside the EU territory) for long term residence in Romania. This permit can be obtained from the territorial offices of the Romanian General Inspectorate for Immigration, located in the county where the foreigner resides.

If you are a foreign citizen living in Romania and want to apply for this type of residence permit, you need to go through certain mandatory steps. From this article, you will find out what these steps are, and also other useful information about the permanent residence permit application conditions and documentation.

Who can apply for a Romanian permanent residence permit?

As mentioned above, to apply for the permanent residence permit, the applicant must submit his application to the territorial office of the General Inspectorate for Immigration located in the county where he lives in Romania.

The right of long-term residence in Romania (or permanent residence) can be granted to a foreigner who is family member of a Romanian citizen, but also to foreign citizens whose purpose of stay in Romania is different, such as: employment, commercial activities, or family reunification with foreign nationals.

What are the conditions for obtaining the Romanian permanent residence?

To obtain the Romanian permanent residence permit, there are certain conditions that one must fulfill, such as:

  • Must not have been imposed any measures of removal from the territory of Romania;
  • Has continuously legally resided on the Romanian territory for the last 5 years before actually submitting the application;
  • The period of time in which the applicant was absent from Romanian territory was less than 6 consecutive months, and did not exceed a total of 10 months.

When determining the condition of continuous legal residence on the Romanian territory, only half of the period of stay for the purpose of studies shall be taken into account, if the case. Also, neither the right of stay based on service or diplomatic visa, nor any short stay visa, or the right of stay for carrying out activities as seasonal worker or as “au pair” will be taken into account.

It is also very important to know that this period of time can be reduced to 4 years in case you have been granted refugee status or if you have been granted subsidiary protection in Romania in terms of the integration into society.

In addition to the above, you must also meet the following conditions:

  • Must prove a level of income equal to the minimum national salary, except for foreigners who are family members of Romanian citizens;
  • Must be insured in the Romanian health system, as well as
  • Own a place of accommodation in Romania;
  • You must be fluent in Romanian, at least to a satisfactory level;
  • You must not represent a danger to public order or national security.

Foreign citizens who were born in Romania can also receive a permanent residence permit. The same can those of Romanian origin, plus persons whose stay in our country is in the interest of Romania. They are all eligible for the same type of permit. This applies with the condition to not represent any danger to public order or national security.

Parents who own a permanent residence permit and who want to obtain it for their minor children as well, can do so without them having to meet the condition regarding having a right of permanent residence in Romania in the last 5 years prior to the application. If only one parent has a permanent residence permit, then the consent of the other parent is required.

Foreigners who prove that they have made investments of at least 1.000.000 euros in Romania, or that they have created more than 100 full-time jobs on the territory of our country, can be granted permanent residence if they prove that they have fulfilled the last four conditions presented above.

In which conditions you do not qualify to apply for the long term residence

  • In case you have a Romanian residence permit obtained for carrying out activities as seasonal worker or “au pair”;
  • If you have been granted limited right of residence as student;
  • You have applied for asylum or benefited from humanitarian protection for a limited period of time/you have been offered temporary protection of the Romanian state;
  • You have a short-stay visa or a residency right granted by a service or diplomatic visa.

Required documents to apply for a permanent residence permit

The documents required for the long-term residence permit application file are as follows:

  • Standard application form;
  • Passport/travel document – in copy and original;
  • Proof of health insurance;
  • Proof of accommodation – copy and original;
  • Proof of means of subsistence (only those who are family members of Romanian citizens are exempted from this rule);
  • Civil status documents (marriage certificate, birth certificate, etc.), if applicable;
  • Criminal record certificate (issued by the Romanian authorities);

In case you already have a Romanian permanent residence permit, but you also want to apply for this type of residency for your minor children, then you will need to submit the following documents:

  • Standard application form;
  • Passport/travel document – in copy and original;
  • Proof of accommodation – copy and original;
  • Birth certificate/s translated into Romanian and super legalized/apostilled;
  • The consent of the other parent.

Deadlines for submitting the application and getting the permit

The application for obtaining the Romanian permanent residence permit is generally solved by authorities within maximum 6 months. If there are objective reasons, the term may be extended by additional 3 months. You will be notified of this extension, and will also receive the final approval in writing, within a maximum period of 15 working days from the date of solving the application file.

If the answer is positive, then within no more than 30 days from the date of receipt of the communication you will have to submit all the necessary documents for obtaining a permanent residence permit. The documents must be submitted to the local Immigration Office where you first registered the application.

Validity of the permanent residence permit

The permanent residence permit is valid as follows:

  • 10 years for those who are family members of Romanian citizens;
  • 5 years if the purpose of your stay in Romania is any of the others provided by law (e.g., employment, business activities,etc.).

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