Both individuals and companies can open an online tax account with ANAF, in the Virtual Private Space (in Romanian: “Spațiul Privat Virtual” – SPV), a platform made available by the Romanian tax authorities. The online platform makes it possible for taxpayers to communicate with ANAF online, to file tax returns online, or obtain certain necessary tax documents. All these without the necessity to go physically to any local tax office.
Creating an online tax account requires an individual to go through several steps that are largely similar for both categories of taxpayers. But in the case of individuals, the process involved, until recently, also paying a visit to any tax office as part of the final step to activate the account. Thus, any individual who wanted to open an online tax account with ANAF and who didn’t have any official documents issued by ANAF (e.g., had not been issued any payment orders or tax decisions) had to go to any ANAF office to activate their online account as final step of the procedure.
Nevertheless, starting last year, and forced by the pandemic situation, the tax authorities have made it possible for more categories of individuals to activate the online tax account with ANAF remotely, with no need to pay a visit to any tax office at all. More precisely, those who have been issued one of the following documents can use any of them to activate the account solely online:
- a tax decision – issued anytime as of 2013 onwards, or
- a decision regarding late payment interest or penalties due – issued anytime as of 2013 onwards, or
- a summons – issued anytime starting with 1 January 2015, or
- the letter received during 2018 from the Ministry of Public Finance, regarding the enrollment in the Virtual Private Space (in 2018 took place a national campaign to encourage online tax return filing).
Another option for opening the tax account, and that many people use, is “Aprobare la ghișeu” (meaning: “approval at the counter”) – this entails your online account will have to be validated by any local tax office of ANAF. For this, as final step, you have to pay a visit to any local ANAF office (with the registration summary file that will be generated to you online, and your identification documents), to validate your account.
In addition to all of the above possibilities, the authorities implemented also the possibility to activate the tax account through video call (that would be held with a tax inspector for the purpose of validating the applicant’s identity).
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