Having a baby in Romania? Here’s everything you need to know

Are you living in Romania as an expat, and preparing for having a baby in Romania? If you’re thinking of starting a family here, then you would want to prepare yourself in advance for this experience.
Having a baby in Romania

And this includes preparing with all there is to know about giving birth and raising children in Romania. Such as informing yourself on: best medical facilities and conditions for giving birth, regular pregnancy checks, Romanian doctors’ vision on natural birth versus C-section, getting a birth certificate, and so on.

In this article we have detailed on these topics, so you know what to expect and what you’re expected to do if you’re preparing for having a baby in Romania.

Medical facilities

You may wonder whether the Romanian healthcare system has good and safe facilities for giving birth to your baby? Well, if you are living in any of the big cities in Romania, such as Bucharest, Timișoara, Cluj-Napoca, Iași, Sibiu, Brașov, Constanța, etc., you’ll be happy to know that all these cities have good and modern medical facilities where you can give birth. Both in state and private hospitals.

Both state hospitals or private ones have good facilities in all big Romanian cities. In most of the cities there are maternity hospitals with very experienced doctors. Some of the state maternity hospitals in Bucharest are: Filantropia, Polizu, Giulești and Elias. So, if you prefer the public (state) system, you can choose any of the above.

You should keep in mind that most of the doctors practicing in the public medical system are generally assigned to work in one hospital. In addition, they can choose to work also for a private one. So, if you would prefer to give birth with a certain doctor that you were recommended, you may also have the option of a private hospital.

But to access private maternity services you will generally be required to book in advance an appointment with that hospital. All private hospitals have websites that will usually list the gynecologists/obstetricians that are working for them, so this is another option to check on the doctors. They will generally show details about them, such as: experience, specialization, studies, and they also display a section of feedback received from patients.

Some will show the information in English, while others will use just Romanian language. But this is nothing that a quick google translate cannot help with.

Another way to book an appointment is to schedule it by phone and ask for credentials about doctors during the call. All private hospitals have English speaking call center officers, trained to provide the best support to you.

Most well known private medical networks in Romania, having clinics and hospitals in all big Romanian cities, are: Regina Maria, Medicover, Medlife, Sanador.

Costs involved for having a baby in Romania

The cost associated to giving birth (prenatal services plus childbirth) in Romania depends on the facility you choose. If you are covered under the Romanian state health insurance system, you will be able to give birth in a state facility without having to pay any price. So, the insurance you already pay should cover the medical costs with your birth. Nevertheless, you may have heard that doctors in the state hospitals are used to receiving “incentives” from their patients.

Such incentives may be in cash or under the form of presents. Generally, due to an old concept rooted in the Romanian old culture, doctors must be incentivized by patients for doing a good job. Thus, for a birth assistance or surgery as well, patients use to grant doctors cash incentives. Such incentives start from amounts such as 500 Lei and can go up to 1,000 Lei or even 1,500 Lei. It is the choice of the patient if and how much they would incentivize the doctor. But it depends a lot on the city and the doctor.

Of course, you may choose not to incentivize the doctor, which is perfectly fine. The worst thing that can happen is that you’ll not get so much attention from him or from the nurses.

Private hospitals, on the other side, can be more costly, as they charge a fee which can start at 1,000 euros and can go up to 3,000 euros. It depends a lot on the city, the hospital, and on the doctor as well. Also, the fee differs depending on the level of service you will need. They usually offer birth/prenatal packages that you can acquire, which are more advantageous than paying for each medical service.

Natural birth versus C-section

Of course, the classical question whether to have a natural birth or a C-section also applies in Romania. The C-section is an option in the Romanian medical system if the mother chooses so. This birth method is not forbidden or restricted in any ways. So, if the mother doesn’t feel comfortable with birth pain and wants to choose to have C-section, she can choose it, even if her pregnancy is going perfectly well.

However, given that the rate of C-section deliveries has gone up exponentially within recent years in Romania, women are encouraged to have natural births. The benefit with natural birth is that the recovery process is much faster. The mother can get out of bed, can eat and be able to sit with the baby two hours after birth.

Even though C-sections are recommended only if there are complications, a lot of women opt for them, so this is still an available option that can be discussed with your doctor. Should you opt for a natural birth, make sure you find a doctor who closely monitors your pregnancy. This will allow him/her to address any issues in time and ensure the natural birth is the right decision for your baby. Also, make sure that you have a birth plan – inform yourself of newborn procedures and make sure you attend natural birth classes and newborn childcare course.

If you have a natural birth, there are pain relief medicines and epidurals that are allowed in Romania, and that can help you navigate the pain. Once your baby is born, you can expect to go home after 48 or 72 hours, depending on the type of birth and if there are no other complications. Even if complications happen, usually the private hospitals are well equipped to manage them and provide the best care to both mom and the baby.

Vaccines upon birth

You need to know that in Romania there are two vaccines that are routinely administered to newborns after delivery. The first vaccine is the Hepatitis B vaccine, which is usually administered within 24 hours after birth. The second vaccine is the Tuberculosis vaccine, which is typically administered within the first 2-7 days after birth.

The law currently requires medical staff to request written consent from an infant’s parent before any vaccination is administered, nevertheless there are some hospitals which do not ask this question and administer the vaccine anyways. So, if you have an issue with these types of vaccines, make sure you ask upfront about this procedure.

Registration of a newborn baby

If you’re having a baby in Romania you have to know that any child who is born inside the country needs to be officially registered in Romania. This applies regardless of the fact that the parents are local citizens or not. A Romanian birth certificate can be received only after registering the baby.

To receive a birth certificate for a child that was born in Romania you must first register the birth with the city hall within the territory where the child was borne, if any of the baby’s parents have Romanian citizenship, or with your country’s consulate or embassy, if none of the parents have Romanian citizenship. Even if the baby is born on Romanian territory, he will not be granted Romanian citizenship, unless at least one of the parents is Romanian citizen.

The registration for a Romanian birth certificate is a clear process that requires short time to complete.

As per the applicable procedure, the hospital where the baby was born will issue a certificate for birth acknowledgement. The legal parents have then 30 days to visit the local city hall to register the birth. Please note that the registration must be done at the city hall in the territory where the baby is born, if this is different from the one where the parents live.

If the registration deadline is missed, you will be asked why you missed the deadline and possibly will get a fine if there are no serious reasons that caused the delay.

To register the birth and receive a birth certificate, the parents will need to provide the below list of documents. The documents need to be provided in original and copy.

  • mother’s and father’s ID cards or passports
  • mother’s and father’s birth certificates
  • marriage certificate
  • certificate for birth acknowledgement issued by the hospital

We wish you have an easy labor and a wonderful baby! 🙂

Would you like to contribute with useful comments about the experience of having a baby in Romania? Please leave them below.

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Andreea Fieraru

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